John W. Waterhouse. Cleopatra, exhibited in 1888.

By permission of the the Folger Shakespeare Library

"Where's my serpent of old Nile? For so he calls me" (Antony and Cleopatra, Act I, Scene v). Waterhouse's Cleopatra was shown in 1888 in an exhibition of twenty-one paintings sponsored by the newspaper Graphic. The series of pictures was entitled Shakespeare's Heroines.